History And Background
The GARH formerly known as the Ridge Regional Hospital is situated at North Ridge (along the castle road) in the Osu-Klottey Sub-Metro of the Accra Metropolitan Area in the Greater Accra Region (GAR). It occupies a total land area of about 15.65 acres. As the Regional Hospital for the GAR, its catchment area is the whole of the Greater Accra Region, with an estimated population of over 4,671,363 (2015 projection based on 2010 census by the Ghana Statistical Service, GSS).
The immediate catchment area, however, includes the following suburbs: Ridge, Nima, Maamobi, Kanda, Accra New Town, Kotobabi, Osu, La, Adabraka, Achimota, Airport Residential Area and Central Accra.
Located at the heart of Accra city, the GARH started as a Hospital for the European expatriates around 1928. It became a District Hospital after Ghana’s independence in 1957 and was later designated as the Ridge Regional Hospital in 1997. It is now being redeveloped and transformed into an ultra-modern 620 bed capacity hospital with the full complement of specialist services that reflects the current social aspirations of the rapidly growing capital city of Ghana.
Prior to the redevelopment of the hospital, the larger proportion of the infrastructure and equipment in the hospital dated back to the period 1911-1923. In the light of this, physical structures, over aged equipment, space constraint remained a major challenge of the hospital. The hospital’s bed compliments (192) continued to be overstretched culminating in congestion in all the clinical departments. The hospital provided service to over 800 outpatients and 250 in-patients on daily basis. About 29 percent of the in-patients did not have patient beds. Only 192 patients out of the 250 patients on admission at any time had beds which meant that about 50 patients were either on wheel or benches. The corridor at the OPD, as indicated in the pictures in Figure 1, was turned into admission area for emergency care where cases were admitted and nursed on benches/trolleys in the open area. There were also no offices and rest rooms for the service providers. (Provide matching pictures) Even though some renovation works as well as new constructions were carried out over the years to accommodate increasing numbers of clients in the hospital, they were on adhoc basis with a large number of individual buildings in different shades of quality, size, architecture and appearance. The physical facilities were haphazard disrupting service flow in the hospital.
Despite the important functions performed by the hospital, the infrastructure and equipment to support the service delivery was a critical challenge in the hospital. This situation posed a hindrance to maximizing the output of the health professionals as well as increasing uptake of service at the facility.
In response to these challenges, the Government, in the context of its commitment to improving healthcare infrastructure towards Universal Health Coverage, has made impressive efforts at replacing the old Hospital with new modern facilities that reflect the current social aspirations of the rapidly growing capital city of Ghana.